Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
Treaty Date: June 9, 1855; 12 Stat. 945
Number of Members: 2,893
Land Base Acreage: 172,000 acres
Number of people employed by the Tribes: 1,734
Prior to the 1855 Treaty, the tribes’ economy consisted primarily of intertribal trade, livestock, trade with fur companies, hunting, fishing and gathering. Today, the economy includes agriculture, livestock, tourism, a travel plaza, grain elevator, the Wildhorse Resort (casino, hotel, RV Park, golf course), Tamástslikt Cultural Institute, Cayuse Technologies, and Coyote Business Park, a 520 acre commercial and light industrial business development on the Interstate 84 highway. The reservation is also home to the Umatilla National Forest Supervisor’s Office.
Points of interest
Tamástslikt Cultural Institute, Wildhorse Resort & Casino, Wildhorse Golf Course, Nix-yá-wii Warriors Memorial, Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts, Indian Lake Recreation Area, seasonal upland gamebird and turkey hunting
History and culture
Three tribes make up the CTUIR: Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla. They have lived on the Columbia River Plateau for over 10,000 years, an area of about 6.4 million acres in what is now northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington. In 1855, the tribes and the United States government negotiated a treaty in which the tribes ceded 6.4 million acres of land in exchange for reservation land. The CTUIR reserved rights in the treaty, including fishing and hunting rights and the right to gather traditional foods and medicines on public lands within the ceded areas.
The traditional religion of the tribes is called “Washat” or “Seven Drums.” Native languages are still spoken by some, and a language preservation program is helping to reestablish the languages.
Tribal Judge William Johnson, 46411 Ti’mine Way, Pendleton 97801; 541-276-2046
2013–2015: Chairman Gary Burke, General Council Chair Alan Crawford, Vice-Chair Leo Stewart, Treasurer Aaron Hines, Secretary N. Kathryn Brigham, Members at Large: Armand Minthorn, Justin Quaempts, Bob Shippentower and Woodrow Star