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Oregon Almanac: Abbreviation to Crustacean

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Abbreviation, Oregon: OR (postal)

 

Airports/Heliports: 97 public, 362 private

 

Alternative Energy Projects, Largest

Wind turbines east of Wasco. (Photo No. sheD0099)

Wind turbines east of Wasco. (Scenic photo No. sheD0099)

Wind Projects
Shepherds Flat North Wind Farm, Gilliam County, 2012: 338 turbines generating 845 megawatts peak capacity, one of the largest land-based wind farms in the world
Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, Sherman County, 2007: 217 turbines generating 450 megawatts peak capacity
Klondike Wind Project, Sherman County, 2005: 242 turbines generating 399 megawatts peak capacity
Leaning Juniper Wind Project, Gilliam County, 2006: 200 turbines generating 301 megawatts peak capacity

 

Geothermal Projects
Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating System, City of Klamath Falls, OIT campus, 2010: geothermal heat provided to downtown buildings: 2.1 megawats peak capacity

 

Solar Projects
Outback Solar, Lake County, 2012: 4,950 megawatts peak capacity
Oregon solar projects, various locations, 2011: 4,574 megawatts
ProLogis (7 warehouse rooftops project) Multnomah and Clackamas Counties, 2010: 2,400 megawatts peak capacity
Black Cap Solar, Lake County, 2012: 2,000 megawatts peak capacity

 

Altitudes
Highest: Mt. Hood (11,239')
Lowest: Pacific Ocean (sea level)

 

Amusement Park, Oldest
Oaks Amusement Park, Portland: Opening on May 30, 1905, it is one of the oldest continuously operated amusement parks in the United States.

 

An American Beaver at home near the water.

An American Beaver at home near the water.

Animal, State
The 1969 Legislature named the American Beaver (Castor canadensis) the Oregon state animal. Prized for its fur, the beaver was overtrapped by early settlers and eliminated from much of its original range. Through management and protection, the beaver has been reestablished in watercourses throughout the state and remains an important economic asset. The beaver has been referred to as “nature’s engineer,” and its dam-building activities are important to natural water flow and erosion control. Oregon is known as the “Beaver State.” The beaver is Oregon State University’s mascot.

 

Also see related learning resource.

Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.

Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.

 

Apportionment, US House of Representatives

(number of U.S. Representatives from Oregon)
1860-1880: 1
1890-1900: 2
1910-1930: 3
1940-1970: 4
1980-Present: 5

 

Awards (Nobel, Pulitzer)
1934: Medford Mail Tribune, Pulitzer, Journalism
1939: Ronald Callvert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
1954: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Chemistry
1956: Walter H. Brattain, Nobel, Physics
1957: Wallace Turner and William Lambert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Local Reporting (No Edition time)
1962: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Peace
1999: Richard Read, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Explanatory Writing
2001: Carl Weiman, Nobel, Physics
2001: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Public Service
2001: Tom Hallman, Jr., The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Feature Writing
2005: Nigel Jaquiss, Willamette Week, Pulitzer, Investigative Reporting
2006: Rick Attig and Doug Bates, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2007: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Breaking News Reporting
2010: Dale T. Mortensen, Nobel, Economics
2014: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing

 

The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)

The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)

Beverage, State
Milk was designated Oregon’s state beverage in 1997. The Legislature recognized that milk production and the manufacture of dairy products are major contributors to the economic well-being of Oregon agriculture.

The KOIN Tower in Portland is one of Oregon's tallest buildings. (Scenic photo no. mulD0050)

The KOIN Tower in Portland is one of Oregon's tallest buildings. (Scenic photo no. mulD0050)

 

Bird, State
The Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) was chosen the Oregon state bird in 1927 by Oregon’s school children in a poll sponsored by the Oregon Audubon Society. Native throughout western North America, the bird has brown plumage with buff and black markings. Its underside is bright yellow with a black V-shape on the breast. The outer tail feathers are mainly white and are easily visible when it flies. The Western Meadowlark is known for its distinctive, flute-like song.

 

Also see related learning resource.

 

Births: 45,094 (2013)

 

Borders and Boundaries
Washington on the north;
California on the south;
Idaho on the east;
Pacific Ocean on the west;
Nevada on the southeast.

 

Harney County is the largest county by area in Oregon. Shown above is a road near Alvord Lake. (Scenic photo No. harDA0155)

Harney County is the largest county by area in Oregon. Shown above is a road near Alvord Lake. (Scenic photo No. harDA0155)

Bridges
Highest: Thomas Creek Bridge, north of Brookings, 345'
Longest: Megler Bridge, Astoria, 21,474'
Covered bridges: 51; 33 covered bridges are located in the Willamette Valley, 19 in Lane County

 

Buildings, Tallest (Portland)
1. Wells Fargo Tower (1972), 546', 41 floors
2. U.S. Bancorp Tower (1983), 536', 42 floors
3. KOIN Tower (1984), 509', 35 floors

 

Cities, Total Incorporated: 242

 

Largest Populations (2013)

1. Portland (592,120)
2. Eugene (159,580)
3. Salem (157,770)
4. Gresham (106,180)
5. Hillsboro (93,340)
6. Beaverton (91,935)

Portland is the county seat of Multnomah County, which holds the distinction of being both the smallest county in area and the largest county in population in Oregon. (Scenic photo no. mulD0054)

Portland is the county seat of Multnomah County, which holds the distinction of being both the smallest county in area and the largest county in population in Oregon. (Scenic photo no. mulD0054)


 

Counties, Total: 36

 

Largest Area, Sq. Mi.
1. Harney (10,228)
2. Malheur (9,928)
3. Lake (8,359)
4. Klamath (6,135)
5. Douglas (5,071)

 

Smallest Area, Sq. Mi.
1. Multnomah (465)
2. Hood River (533)
3. Benton (679)
4. Columbia (687)
5. Yamhill (718)

 

Crab

A Dungeness crab.

Largest Populations (2013)
1. Multnomah (756,530)
2. Washington (550,990)
3. Clackamas (386,080)
4. Lane (356,125)
5. Marion (322,880)

 

Crustacean, State
The 2009 Legislature designated the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus magister) as the official state crustacean. The action followed petitioning by the 4th grade class of Sunset Primary School in West Linn. Common to the Pacific coastline from the Alaskan Aleutian Islands to Santa Cruz, California, Dungeness Crab is considered the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest.

 

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