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Oregon Almanac: Abbreviation to Crustacean

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Abbreviation, Oregon: OR (postal)

 

Airports: 97 public, 317 private

 

Alternative Energy Projects, Largest

Wind turbines east of Wasco. (Photo No. sheD0099)

Wind turbines east of Wasco. (Scenic photo No. sheD0099)

Wind Projects
Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, Sherman County, 2006: 217 turbines generating 450 megawatts peak capacity
Klondike III Wind Project, Sherman County, 2006: 176 turbines generating 300 megawatts peak capacity
Leaning Juniper II Wind Power Project, Gilliam County, 2007: generating 201 megawatts peak capacity
Shepherds Flat North Wind Farm, Gilliam County, 2009: generating 265 megawatts peak capacity
Stateline Wind Project, Umatilla County, 2001: generating 222 megawatts peak capacity

 

Gas Projects
Columbia Ethanol Project, Morrow County, 2007: 35 million gallons per year production capacity
Hermiston Generating Project, Umatilla County, 1994: 469 megawatt natural gas combined cycle combustion turbine
Hermiston Power Project, Umatilla County, 1996: 546 megawatt natural gas combined cycle combustion turbine
Klamath Cogeneration Project, Klamath County, 1997: 475 megawatt natural gas combined cycle combustion turbine
Port Westward Generating Project, Columbia County, 2002: 650 megawatt natural gas combined cycle combustion turbine

 

Geothermal Projects
Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating System, City of Klamath Falls, 1981: geothermal heat provided to downtown-area buildings

 

Solar Projects
King Estate solar, Lane County, 2011: 973.8 kilowatts
Oregon solar projects, 2011: 4,574 kilowatts
Portland Habilitation Center Project, Multnomah County, 2008: 858 kilowatts
ProLogis (seven-warehouse rooftop project) Multnomah and Clackamas Counties, 2010: 2,400 kilowatts
Yamhill Solar Project, Yamhill County, 2011: 1,190 kilowatts

 

Altitudes
Highest: Mt. Hood (11,239')
Lowest: Pacific Ocean (sea level)

 

Amusement Park, Oldest
Oaks Amusement Park, Portland: Opening on May 30, 1905, it is one of the oldest continuously operated amusement parks in the United States.

 

An American Beaver at home near the water.

An American Beaver at home near the water.

Animal, State
The American Beaver (Castor canadensis) was named the Oregon state animal by the 1969 Legislature. Prized for its fur, the beaver was overtrapped by early settlers and eliminated from much of its original range. Through proper management and partial protection, the beaver has been reestablished in watercourses throughout the state and remains an important economic asset. The beaver has been referred to as “nature’s engineer,” and its dam-building activities are important to natural water flow and erosion control. Oregon is known as the “Beaver State.” The beaver is mascot for Oregon State University, which calls its athletic teams the Beavers.

 

Also see related learning resource.

Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.

Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.

 

Apportionment, US House of Representatives

(number of U.S. Representatives from Oregon)
1860-1880: 1
1890-1900: 2
1910-1930: 3
1940-1970: 4
1980-2012: 5

 

Awards (Nobel, Pulitzer)
1934 - Medford Mail Tribune - Pulitzer, Journalism
1939 - Ronald Callvert, The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
1954 - Linus Pauling - Nobel, Chemistry
1956 - Walter H. Brattain - Nobel, Physics

1957 - Wallace Turner and William Lambert, The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Reporting (No Edition Time)
1962 - Linus Pauling - Nobel, Peace
1999 - Richard Read - The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Explanatory Writing
2001 - Carl Weiman - Nobel, Physics
2001 - The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Public Service
2001 - Tom Hallman Jr. - The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Feature Writing
2005 - Nigel Jaquiss - Willamette Week - Pulitzer, Investigative Reporting
2006 - Rick Attig and Doug Bates - The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2007 - The Oregonian - Pulitzer, Breaking News Reporting

2010: Dale T. Mortensen, Nobel, Economics

 

The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)

The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)

Beverage, State
Milk was selected in 1997 as the state beverage. The Legislature recognized that milk production and the manufacture of dairy products are major contributors to the economic well-being of Oregon agriculture.

The KOIN Tower in Portland is one of Oregon's tallest buildings. (Scenic photo no. mulD0050)

The KOIN Tower in Portland is one of Oregon's tallest buildings. (Scenic photo no. mulD0050)

 

Bird, State
The Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) was chosen the Oregon state bird in 1927 by Oregon’s school children in a poll sponsored by the Oregon Audubon Society. Native throughout western North America, the bird has brown plumage with buff and black markings. Its underside is bright yellow with a black V-shape on the breast. The outer tail feathers are mainly white and are easily visible when it flies. The Western Meadow­lark is known for its distinctive, flute-like song.

 

Also see related learning resource.

 

Births: 45,479 (2011)

 

Borders and Boundaries
Washington on the north;
California on the south: established by a treaty between Spain and the United States in 1819;
Idaho on the east;
Pacific Ocean on the west;
Nevada on the southeast.

 

Bridges
Highest: Thomas Creek Bridge (north of Brookings), 345'
Longest: Megler Bridge (Astoria), 21,474'
Covered bridges: 50 throughout the state

 

Harney County is the largest county by area in Oregon. Shown above is a road near Alvord Lake. (Scenic photo No. harDA0155)

Harney County is the largest county by area in Oregon. Shown above is a road near Alvord Lake. (Scenic photo No. harDA0155)

Buildings, Tallest (Portland)
1. Wells Fargo Tower (1972), 546', 41 floors
2. U.S. Bancorp Tower (1983), 536', 42 floors
3. KOIN Tower (1984), 509', 35 floors

 

Campsites Overnight Use
During 2011, a total of 177,906 reservations were made for overnight campsites in Oregon State Parks. Oregon residents made 118,021 of these reservations (66.3%), while non-residents made the remaining 59,885 (33.7%).

 

Cities, Total Incorporated: 242

 

Largest Populations (2011)

1. Portland (585,845)
2. Eugene (157,010)
3. Salem (155,710)
4. Gresham (105,795)
5. Hillsboro (92,350)
6. Beaverton (90,835)

Portland is the county seat of Multnomah County, which holds the distinction of being both the smallest county in area and the largest county in population in Oregon. (Scenic photo no. mulD0054)

Portland is the county seat of Multnomah County, which holds the distinction of being both the smallest county in area and the largest county in population in Oregon. (Scenic photo no. mulD0054)


 

Counties, Total: 36

 

Largest Area, Sq. Mi.
1. Harney (10,228)
2. Malheur (9,928)
3. Lake (8,359)
4. Klamath (6,135)
5. Douglas (5,071)

 

Smallest Area, Sq. Mi.
1. Multnomah (465)
2. Hood River (533)
3. Benton (679)
4. Columbia (687)
5. Yamhill (718)

 

Crab

A Dungeness crab.

Largest Populations (2011)
1. Multnomah (741,925)
2. Washington (536,370)
3. Clackamas (378,480)
4. Lane (353,155)
5. Marion (318,150)

 

Crustacean, State
The 2009 Legislature designated the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus magister) as the official state crustacean. The action followed petitioning by the 4th grade class of Sunset Primary School in West Linn. Common to the Pacific coastline from the Alaskan Aleutian Islands to Santa Cruz, California, Dungeness Crab is considered the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest.

 

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